Chronic Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted by an infected tick bite. Chronic Lyme Disease Symptoms impact daily life of those infected. We created Mighty Well to provide useful information, as well as understanding and support for those who may not have it. The community we create fosters fun, friendly and empowering engagement through sickness and in health.
Causes of Chronic Lyme Disease
Ticks are found in areas with overgrown vegetation parks and gardens. A tick gets the bacteria after bitting an animal with the bacteria by feasting on the animals blood.When you get bitten by the infected tick, it transmits the bacteria to you. It is important to note that the tick has to attach to you for more than 24hours and since a tick bite is not painful one may not notice.It is important to note that ticks don't fly they climb onto your clothes.
Diagnosis of Chronic Lyme Disease
Diagnosis is made based on symptoms that include; a circular bulls-eye rash that appears at the site of the bite. It can also be done through blood tests although when done in the early stages, it can be negative unless the victim has taken so long to go to the hospital.
Chronic Lyme Disease Symptoms
Symptoms of Chronic Lyme Disease include:
- Circular rash formation
- Areas of the skin become red with raised edges.
- The size of the rash varies and may expand after several days.
- Swollen Joints
- Central Nervous System Problems
- Muscle Pain
The rash is normally around 15 centimeters, but it can vary in size and in some instances, a rash may not develop. Flu-like symptoms in the early stages like fatigue, muscle pain, joint pain, headaches, high fever, chills and neck stiffness are also present.
Advanced symptoms are painful swollen joints. One may incur central nervous system problems, for example, painful limbs, numbness or facial paralysis. There may be difficulty in concentrating. Problems involving the heart such as inflammation of the heart muscle [myocarditis] or the sac surrounding the heart [pericarditis].
Meningitis, which can cause severe headaches, neck stiffness and photophobia or increased sensitivity to light. Treatment Because Lyme disease is a bacterial infection treatment is a round of antibiotics mostly given for up to four weeks depending on the severity of your condition. It is advisable to finish the prescribed course of antibiotics to ensure elimination of all bacteria. For severe Symptoms intravenous antibiotics are preferred.
Currently, there is a controversy on chronic Lyme disease. Some Experts do not believe that the condition exists. Many Chronic Lyme disease symptoms found are post-treatment syndromes.
Prevention of Chronic Lyme Disease:
Currently, there is no vaccine available for the prevention of Lyme disease. The best prevention is being cautious when in areas where there are ticks.
Tick bites can be reduced by:
When walking, keep to footpaths, avoid long grass and thick vegetation. Wear appropriate clothing when in woodland areas. For example, a long sleeved buttoned shirt and a pair of trousers tucked into your socks is ideal. When walking in areas with thick vegetation, wear bright colored clothes that enable you to spot a tick on your clothes. Use insect repellent on your skin to maximize prevention. Make sure that your pets do not bring ticks into your home in their fur after they have been outside. At the end of a day outside inspect your skin for ticks including the under folds of the skin.